Gay Parents: John and Anthony's Story
10 parenting quotes I needed to read today. Single ParentingParenting Teens Funny ParentingParenting HacksGood Parenting QuotesAttachment Parenting QuotesInspirational Parenting QuotesChild QuotesQuotes About Your Children. Hilarious · Mom humor:) · Raising TeenagersThe TeenagersParenting TeenagersParenting HumourParenting WinParenting QuotesTeen HumorMom HumorParent Humor. 31 Aug But through it all, the one thing that I never lost sight of was that I was a parent, first and foremost. At times, it was tough juggling work, single parenthood, co- parenting, dating, and making ends meet. However, it was the choice I made and the bed I chose to sleep in, so I made it happen. Of course, I'm not a.
Her interest are in vocational issues, multicultural issues, including race, ethnicity, age, and religion, and the intersections between these areas.
However, the impact of religion on the parent-child relationships of adult children with a gay or lesbian parent has been overlooked. In this study, 10 adult children with both a gay or lesbian parent and a heterosexual parent were interviewed and asked to retrospectively explore how religion impacted their parent-child relationships.
The following themes emerged from phenomenological analysis of the interviews: These children may have been raised by College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes intact gay or lesbian couple since infancy, but others may have to balance relationships with both gay and heterosexual parents.
Click here is also likely to impact the relationships between children and their gay or lesbian parent, but to date this has not been explored. The majority of literature addressing religion and sexual minority individuals, regardless of their parenting status, has focused on religious stigma.
While theology within religious communities varies, intolerance may lead to a variety of consequences for both parents and children. In the same way that religious sanctions against homosexuality may lead gays and lesbians to internalizing this homonegativity Lease et al. As discussed below, the impact on families occurs over time, and relationships within the family as well as with their religion may change as children are able to reflect on their experiences and mature themselves.
Therefore, the goal of the current study was to examine the perceived role of religion over time in the parent-child relationships of adult children with a College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes or lesbian parent and a heterosexual parent. For the gay or lesbian parents, disclosing their sexual identity to their children presents significant challenges.
Gay and lesbian parents may believe that coming out could cause their children to be stigmatized, but not coming out could also create a distance in the parent-child relationship. Armesto noted that gay men commonly choose to stay distant from their wives as well as psychologically and emotionally distant from their children to avoid rejection.
Parents Of Gay Children: How To Be Supportive Despite These Common Fears | HuffPost
The process through which children of gay and lesbian parents negotiate their own coming out and their relationships with their parents can also be affected by stigma similar to that experienced by gay and lesbian individuals themselves. Herek, Gillis, and Cogan found that gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals who were more religious had higher scores on the Revised Internalized Homophobia Scale IHP-Rsuggesting that internalized heterosexism or self-stigma was positively related to religious-based homonegative messages.
According to Goldberg aadult children of gay and lesbian parents source more aware of heterocentrism and homonegativity after their parent came out to them, and reported that their psychological wellbeing may be used as a gauge by society to determine the aptness of gay and lesbian parenting.
However, children whose gay or lesbian parent came out to them later in life may have learned to internalize heterocentrism. These children can be affected by societal stigma from their cultural and religious communities and may worry about how this could impact their own social support.
Since children of gays and lesbians may limit to whom they come out, they may seek support College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes their families, and more specifically from their nuclear family.
However, if their parents were originally in a heterosexual relationship, the nuclear family is likely to be disrupted by divorce. In these cases religious and cultural based homonegativity may exist in messages from the family and the larger society. Clearly, the relationship between the children and their gay or lesbian parent could be negatively shaped if the straight parent was homophobic, as these views will likely be conveyed to their children.
It is important to note, however, that conservative religious communities often view divorce itself negatively regardless of issues with sexual orientation. Further, Patterson stated that as with other marginalized groups, assumptions about gays and lesbians are more often supported by stereotypes over empirical evidence.
While children with gay and lesbian parents are susceptible to homonegativity in society, there has been no empirical evidence to suggest these painful messages adversely influence their adjustment. Rather, it has been reported that children with gay and lesbian parents are more likely to be invested in fighting for equal rights and social justice Goldberg, a. Family members of gays and lesbians are often aware of heterosexism in society as well as their own heterosexual privilege; therefore, many may choose to fight against homonegativity and to support equal rights for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender GLBT individuals Arm et al.
Children born to a gay or lesbian parent and a heterosexual parent may have been susceptible to homonegative messages during the divorce process from the heterosexual parent or through the legal system during custody battles Garner, However, as a result of her own College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes experiences and Singles Provo Adult South Dakota Dating 50 interviews with children with a GLBT parents, Garner emphasized the importance of personal stories in countering homonegative myths, and further noted the risks of non-disclosure on the parent-child relationship.
She concluded that GLBT parents should consider a range of issues before disclosing their sexual orientation e. Similarly, Beeler and DiProva found that family members not only have a finding out story but also College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes their own coming out process as College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes relative of a gay and lesbian individual.
More recently scholars have started to explore the influence of religion in the process of family members accepting or rejecting their gay and lesbian relatives Lease et al. Religion is often viewed as either a source of stress or support in the gay and lesbian community, but religion could also impact how children connect to their gay and lesbian parents. Lease and Shulman reported that although family members of gay and lesbian individuals may use religion to impede their relationships with their gay and lesbian relatives, many are also able to expand their the views of an accepting and loving deity to one who would accept their gay or lesbian relative.
Over time, family members of gay and lesbian individuals may experience cognitive dissonance between their positive perception of their own gay or lesbian relatives with the religiously-based homonegative messages they receive, and their relationships may be determined based on their ability to resolve this dissonance. Current literature exploring religiously-based homonegativity has generally focused on Christianity as well as fundamentalism, but researchers have also started to explore non-Christian perspectives Hunsberger, In the Abrahamic religions, interpretation of doctrines varies; some denominations view their scriptures as the word of God and may use a literal interpretation whereas other denominations allow for more symbolic translations of scripture Van Voorst, ; Wilcockson, In Judaism, the oral Torah has been used to put the written Torah in historical context, and according to Dode Jews generally allow for more interpretation of religious text, and therefore, some denominations of Judaism may be less likely to be religiously intolerant towards sexual minorities.
Many fundamentalist religious communities distinguish between sexual orientation and behavior, judging the latter more harshly. For example, in a study with a sample of conservative Christian students, high levels of fundamentalism correlated more strongly with negative views of gays and lesbians who were portrayed as sexually active, than with those who were celibate Click the following article et al.
However, Hunsberger found that fundamentalist Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and Hindu denominations were all generally go here toward gay and lesbian individuals, regardless of their behavior. More recently, scholars have shown that some gays and lesbians do not believe they have to choose, but may learn to integrate their identities by attend a gay-affirming religious organization or selecting another faith Buchanan et al.
Recent findings also indicate that involvement in gay-affirming religious groups was negatively correlated to internalized homonegativity and positively associated with psychological health and spirituality Lease et al.
In one of the few articles that considered the relatives of gay and lesbian individuals, Lease and Shulman found that family members used strategies such as focusing on religious messages that facilitated their acceptance, adjusted their level of involvement when religion impeded their acceptance, and advocated for acceptance within their religious community, to reconcile their religious identity with accepting LGB family members.
Because of the complex interactions of multiple identities, gay continue reading lesbian individuals may struggle between coming out to a community that is unsupportive without the guarantee of acceptance into the larger gay and lesbian community due to racism Smith et al.
In summary, although the negative association between religion and sexual orientation has been addressed, research regarding other aspects of religious influence on gay and lesbian individuals is limited.
Specifically, to date no study has explored the influence of religion on the parent-child relationship of children with a gay or lesbian parent as well as a heterosexual parent.
As this relationship likely evolves over time, the reflective perspectives of adult children of gay or lesbian parents may provide a richer understanding of the process of their own coming out. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to describe this influence, as perceived retrospectively by adult children who College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes experienced the coming out of a parent.
Specifically, the phenomenological approach allows the researcher to gain as much information as possible about this experience while limiting bias Giorgi, The philosophical roots of phenomenology were influenced by Husserl, Kant, and Descartes Moustakas,recognizing that the world does not have meaning independent of the subjective perceptions of those who experience it.
Details of the method are described below. Criterion sampling was used to select participants Creswell, The criteria included individuals who were 18 years and older who have a gay or lesbian parent as well as a heterosexual parent.
We recognize that children of bisexual or transgender parents have similar concerns, and have also not yet been studied. However, Fassinger and Arseneau reported that grouping all GLBT individuals together overlooks the unique experiences of bisexual and transgender individuals; therefore, the focus of this study was limited to children with a gay or lesbian parent.
In qualitative research, outliers are not always removed from the sample since their unique experiences often strengthen the emerging themes Denscombe, College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes Sandelowski, Therefore, as suggested by Barbour we limited our sample through College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes methods which allowed us to examine the natural diversity within this phenomenon, retaining all participants who met the original criteria.
Both organizations posted the recruitment flyer in their online newsletters, and respondents were encouraged to email the first click at this page. In addition to the planned recruitment process, a COLAGE member who became aware of the study stated she had also posted the recruitment flyer on her website.
Thus, the method of contact was consistent across all sources. Sampling in qualitative research is an on-going process and continues until no new source emerge and the data becomes redundant; this is known as saturation Creswell, In this study, saturation was reached during the eighth interview since no new themes were found during the ninth and tenth interviews.
It is possible, given the small sample size, that additional categories would have emerged had we continued recruiting. However, at the point we completed three interviews with no new themes identified, we assumed that saturation was reached, following the criteria established by previous researchers. In addition to assessing for saturation during the process of data gathering, we employed a number of procedures as described in the section below to, ensure data quality Morrow, The demographic characteristics of the each participant are outlined in Table 1.
Eight respondents identified as female and two identified as male.
The pilot interviews went smoothly and volunteers had no suggestions for improving the link questions, but one volunteer suggested that a categorical question describing level of religious participation, on the demographic questionnaire be left open-ended. Retrieved April 24, from, http: That maybe because where I live and work now is very open and accepting place, but I do see them accepting more and more. I happened to be putting some towels away in the linen closet and I came across a Christmas card that was, you know, one of those my darling sweetheart kind of cards We need to stop looking past the amazing men that are right in front of our faces, and start understanding that the sex part of a relationship will evolve.
Six individuals reported that they had a gay father and four participants had a lesbian mother. Eight individuals reported European American backgrounds, while two individuals ethnically identified as Latina and bi-racial. All of the respondents had actively participated in religious services with their families as children, eight participants reported that they used to attend religious service every week, nine respondents described click involved with religious holidays, and seven individuals had attended religious education.
Gay Parents: Ron and Greg’s Story - Lets Talk Hookup!
Participants identified the following religious origins: Jewish 3Catholic 4Protestant 2and one participant reported that she was raised with both Catholic and Protestant religions. Participants have the following current religious identities: Jewish 2Catholic 3Protestant 1Mennonite 1confused 1and two participants no longer have an identifying College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes.
Therefore, all of the participants met the selection criteria, as they reported having one gay or lesbian parent as well as one heterosexual parent. Seven respondents identified as heterosexual during the interview process, one individual identified as lesbian, and two individuals chose not to disclose their own sexual orientation.
The interview protocol was developed by the first and second authors based on an extensive literature review and it was focused to answer the following research question: How do adult children with both a gay or lesbian parent as well as a heterosexual parent retrospectively perceive the impact of religion on their relationships with both their heterosexual and gay or lesbian parents?
In developing our interview questions we considered questions addressed in prior related studies: Before recruiting participants, two volunteers who met the study criteria but were not part of the study participated in interviews and provided feedback on both the demographic questionnaire and interview protocol for this study.
These volunteers were identified through a personal contact, who provided the names to the first author after briefly describing the study to the volunteers and obtaining their permission to be contacted. The first author contacted these individuals by email to request their assistance, College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes provided a more detailed description of the proposed study and assurance of the voluntary nature of their participation.
All of the individuals enthusiastically agreed. The pilot interviews with the volunteers were used to consider whether any language should be revised, alter the demographic questionnaires, consider if any of the interview questions should be adjusted, and to determine an estimated length of the interview to be provided as part of the informed consent.
The pilot interviews went smoothly and volunteers had no suggestions for improving the interview questions, but one volunteer suggested that a categorical question describing level of religious participation, on source demographic questionnaire be left open-ended. The final question interview protocol is provided in Appendix A.
All of the individuals enthusiastically agreed. It's no secret that LGBT individuals are still waging a battle to be accepted in society. Participants from this study all reported that their parents separated for a variety of reasons, and that the upheaval of divorce played a major role in causing family divisions, impacted where they lived, and contact with their parents. Though I am hard-working and a quick learner, I have trouble in professional settings because co-workers find me bizarre. Ethnic and cultural diversity among lesbians and gay men.
The demographic questionnaire included the following items: The first author performed all of the audio-taped interviews in person and transcribed the audio-tapes to maintain consistency. Interview questions were semi-structured and open-ended, asking individuals their experiences of how their religion influenced their parent-child relationships. The semi-structured interview was also used to gain more information regarding how the parent-child source may differ between the adult child and her or his gay or lesbian parent and heterosexual parents.
The first author utilized bracketing before the study began, and wrote about her personal experience and knowledge of this phenomenon to become learn more here aware of her preconceptions.
The second author audited the interview questions to help reduce bias. Then after each interview the first author bracketed her self-reflections in a journal, considering any potential influence of her own experiences, for College Dating Gay Parents Raising Teenagers Quotes 20 to 30 minutes Creswell, To ensure scientific rigor, we followed the postpositivist standards of qualitative research as described by Morrow According to Morrow, certain steps in qualitative research can be taken to ensure quality that corresponds to quantitative counterparts: As Morrow suggested, credibility was attained through peer debriefing, a peer reviewer, and participant checks.
The first and third authors coded the data independently and then compared and contrasted their findings, as described below.